GABELLE :THE TAX BEHIND FRENCH REVOLUTION

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Did you know French Revolution? French Revolution is happened in 1780-1799. Most people know the reason of French Revolution is financial crisis caused by luxury lifestyle of King Louis XVI and Maria Antoinette. However, less people know that the french tax (known as gabelle) was one of the reasons behind the French Revolution.

At first gabelle imposed a tax on any sale of consumer goods in the 14th century. Later on in the 15th century gabelle specifically focused on salt which was well known as salt tax. However, gabelle was considered unpopular and unsuccessful since the high rate and unequal distribution of the gabelle triggered widespread illegal trading by the smugglers. In the end, gabelle was exterminated in March 1790 along with the descent of the King Louis XVI.

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